Black Cohosh

Actaea racemosa

Part Used

Root, rhizome


Reproductive (female); urinary; musculoskeletal; respiratory


Anti-rheumatic; antispasmodic; diuretic; emmenagogue; phytoestrogenic; sedative; uterine tonic; uterine stimulant

Traditional Uses

Anti-spasmodic and analgesic actions useful for treating PMS including dysmenorrhea (menstrual cramps) and uterine fibroids. Utilised in the management of perimenopausal and menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes and night sweats, and to inhibit the development of osteoporosis. Indicated for muscle cramps and spasms. May help in the treatment of tinnitus, cough, asthma, rheumatism stiff neck, aches after strenuous exercise and sciatica. ^1. 2.