Anti-inflammatory; antimicrobial; demulcent & emollient; expectorant; vulnerary
Expectorant and anti-spasmodic – indicated for both dry, hoarse coughs or wet, productive coughs with thick mucous; also in asthma. May be applied topically as a poultice to areas of muscle spasms and painful joints. Extracts display antibacterial activity against pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermis and Escherichia coli. ^2.