Symphytum officinalis

Part Used

Root, leaves


Skin; gastrointestinal; respiratory


Anti-inflammatory; anti-rheumatic; astringent; connective tissue tonic; demulcent; emollient; expectorant; homeostatic; vulnerary

Traditional Uses

Internal use is indicated for the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, and inflammation of the GIT, which respond to the demulcent, vulnerary, astringent and anti-hemorrhagic, and anti-inflammatory properties of the plant. Astringent action reduces hemorrhage associated with ulcers and colitis and excessive mucous from bronchial irritation and irritated coughs. Indicated externally for a variety of conditions such as sore muscles, bone fractures, sprains, bruises, varicose veins, lesions, warts, insect bites, ligament tears, and any damage to aching joints. Known to help ‘knit connective tissues back together’.

*Caution should be taken when using on open/dirty wounds as comfrey leaf heals skin rapidly and may seal in infection. ^1. 2.